Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea) are throbbing or cramping pains in the lower abdomen. Many women have menstrual cramps just before and during their menstrual periods.
What causes dysmenorrhea?
Women with primary dysmenorrhea have abnormal contractions of the uterus due to a chemical imbalance in the body. For example, the chemical prostaglandin control the contractions of the uterus.
Symptoms may include:
- Cramping in the lower belly.
- Pain in the lower belly.
- Low back pain.
- Pain spreading down the legs.
Is having dysmenorrhea normal?
Some discomfort during your period is common, but intense or crippling pain that interferes with your life is not. Having painful periods is a condition called dysmenorrhea. It’s the most commonly reported menstrual disorder: More than half of menstruating women report pain for at least one or two days every month.
Is dysmenorrhea caused by stress?
Psychological disorders such as depression, stress, and anxiety are reported as important factors associated with dysmenorrhea and menstrual disorders [17, 28, 29]. Psychological disorders such as depression, anxiety, and stress might have a bidirectional association with dysmenorrhea.
How painful is dysmenorrhea?
Pain associated with menstruation is called dysmenorrhea. More than half of women who menstruate have some pain for 1 to 2 days each month. Usually, the pain is mild. But for some women, the pain is so severe that it keeps them from doing their normal activities for several days a month.
When should I worry about dysmenorrhea?
For most women, cramping and bloating are typical symptoms of the “friend” who pays a monthly visit. But when the pain is extreme and paired with excessive bleeding, fever, or feels suddenly worse than what has been previously experienced, it’s time to look for external help or remedy!